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Chengdu Giant Panda “Jing Jing”, the World’s First Panda Completing the “Giant Panda Draft Genome” Will be Remembered in History Proofreader: Charlene Johnson   Time: 2017-07-28

On July 10, 2017, “Jing Jing”, a female giant panda from Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, successfully delivered a healthy male cub, bringing a new member to the “Olympic Family”. Born in the “Olympic Family”, giant panda “Jing Jing” has attracted much attention. According to introductions by experts at the Base, the reason for giant panda “Jing Jing” living under an aura is not just because she was born in the “Olympic Family”, but she is also the first giant panda who has completed the “giant panda draft genome” in the world.
Shen Fujun, an expert and research fellow at the Base said that in January 2008, the “2008 Giant Panda Genome Project” coordination meeting was held in Vanke East Coast, Yantian District, Shenzhen, led by Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI), Shenzhen. The meeting decided that BGI-Shenzhen would be responsible for the mapping of the “giant panda draft genome (frame diagram)” jointly undertaken by Kunming Institute of Zoology, CAS, Institute of Zoology, CAS, Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding and China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda.
On January 31, 2008, the blood sample of giant panda “Jing Jing” was taken at Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, to extract total DNA sample of giant pandas and build the BAC library. After half a year, the draft genome was announced to be completed on October 11, 2008.
This is the first international project to protect endangered species using genetic information. The project was led by China’s research institutions and technicians and completely adopted a new generation of sequencing technology. Giant pandas’ genome is basically similar to that of humans in size, about 3Gb, containing 20,000 to 30,000 genes. Genome information provided by the “giant panda draft genome” had a far-reaching impact on the conservation and research of giant pandas, and laid a solid foundation for studies in giant panda physiology, immunization, reproduction, behavior, nutrition, development, ecology, evolution and other fields. On this platform, experts from various fields can conduct in-depth research at the molecular level on any matters of interest, and make new breakthroughs. This is a milestone in the conservation, research and breeding of giant pandas.
Giant panda “Jing Jing” becomes the world’s first panda of which the “giant panda draft genome” was mapped. As to the selection of giant pandas, research fellow Shen Fujun said that giant panda “Jing Jing” was young in 2008, and “Jing Jing” is a female panda, which greatly reduced the difficulty in the comparison of genetic coefficient against parameter. In addition, Jing Jing has a clear family pedigree. Therefore, “Jing Jing” became the chosen one.

 

 

Giant panda “Jing Jing”

 

Giant panda “Jing Jing”

 


Giant panda “Jing Jing”

 

 

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